Over 150 studies demonstrate the ability of ribose, a pentose sugar found in all living cells, to increase adenosine triphosphate ATP levels and total adenine nucleotide TAN recovery, promoting skeletal and cardiac muscle energy metabolism. Ribose is the key compound used by the body to form the nucleotides AMP, ADP and ATP, which are depleted during strenuous physical activity or from lack of oxygen. Skeletal and cardiac muscle rely on these metabolites for energy, and two metabolic pathways preserve these pools. The first mechanism involves salvaging end products of AMP breakdown, or preventing them from leaving the cell. If they are salvaged, they may be recycled back to AMP and ultimately to ATP. The second mechanism for preserving nucleotide pools is de novo synthesis, or formation of new nucleotides from ribose. Both of these crucial activities can only begin when ribose is converted to 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate PRPP . If ribose concentrations are not sufficient, PRPP is in low supply and muscle cells cannot adequately recharge. Although the body has the ability to manufacture ribose from glucose, it is a slow process which requires glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase G-6-PDH , an enzyme typically in short supply. Supplemental ribose allows the body to bypass this step, rapidly supplying the compounds needed to boost salvage and enhance de novo synthesis. Research indicates that nucleotides decrease after repeated, intense exercise and that they may not be recovered for up to several days, leaving muscle without the ability to refuel energy stores. Ribose also offers powerful, complementary support to creatine by enhancing TAN pools, providing the necessary substrates which creatine can then convert to ATP.
Suggested Use As a dietary supplement take 1 to 2 scoops per day, 30 minutes before or following an exercise session, or in divided doses before and after exercise. On days with no exercise scheduled, take in the evening before bedtime. - Or as directed by your healthcare professional.
Serving Size 1 Scoop 1 teaspoon
Amount Per Serving
% Daily Value***
***Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet
WarningsKeep out of reach of children. As with all dietary supplements, consult your healthcare professional before use. See product label for more information.
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