Methylcobalamin the active ingredient in Xobaline is one of several forms of vitamin B12 known as cobalamins. Cobalamins are unique vitamins in that they contain the mineral cobalt. Only two of the cobalamins actually play active roles in the bodys biochemistry, however these are methylcobalamin and S-adenosylcobalamin. Since the methyl- and adenosyl- forms are interconvertable, a dietary source that contains methylcobalamin also serves as a source of S-adenosylcobalamin.
The cobalamins are made only by microorganisms, not by plants or animals. This means that animals must obtain them either from their diet or from microorganisms living in their bodies. For example, cows get their vitamin B12 from gut-dwelling bacteria. Since the cobalamins are stored in animal cells, carnivores can get their vitamin B12 by eating meat, even though they dont themselves have B12-producing gut-dwelling bacteria. Herbivores that lack B12-producing bacteria such as human vegetarians or pet animals will develop B12 deficiencies unless they use some kind of B12 supplement. In fact, it has been found that around 60-70% of vegetarians have vitamin B12 deficiencies!Left untreated, such deficiencies will eventually do permanent damage to the body.
Deficiencies of vitamin B12 result in harmful effects on the blood, nerves, vascular system, bone, and digestive tract
White and red blood cells develop defects that lead to anemia.
Peripheral and central nerves are damaged, causing loss of sensation, motor disruptions, irritability, depression, cognitive decline, incontinence, insomnia, impotence, visual and auditory effects.
Homocysteine levels rise, increasing the risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, and osteoporosis.
Damage to gastrointestinal cells can lead to diarrhea, constipation, pain, gas, anorexia, and weight loss.